Putting medications through the feeding tube is generally not a problem, but there are rules
to be followed.
Most pills can be crushed, put in water, and poured down the tube. They have to be well
crushed so investing in some sort of pill crusher is helpful. A simple mortar and pestle (bowl
with a rounded club) works well. It is hard to find as a medical product -- look for it as a
cooking tool. There are many other types of crushers available but if your caregiver has
arthritis, you may have to try a couple of before you find a usable one.
Many medications are available in liquid form -- for a price! Simple Tylenol tablets all
seem to be coated these days, but still can be crushed with a bit of extra grinding. If you want
liquid Tylenol, children's liquid is readily available. It is more concentrated than adult
liquid, so make certain you aren't using too much. Adult vitamins are about three times more
expensive in liquid form even if available but are increasingly common in chewable form that can
be easily crushed.
The problem medications are those that are designed to release slowly into the digestive
tract for longer, more even effect. If crushed the entire dose will hit all at once and that is
not at all good. These medicines usually have sustained-release [SR], extended-release [ER, XR,
XL], controlled-release [CR], after their name. Often they are capsules with beads of
medication inside. If a tablet has a line scored across it for cutting, it can be crushed as can
meds labeled as immediate-release (IR) Try to remember to let your doctor know that you need
crushable or liquid medication and double check with the pharmacist. See the list of "Do
Not Crush" medications at Do Not Crush