It takes a while to get over the heebie jeebies of the whole vent thing, but once you are settled in a
bit, there are couple of things you can do to simplify care. This process will take a little time and will
happen as you become comfortable with care routines and as your trach and feeding tube stomas heal. (Well,
they never actually heal because your body will always want them closed!) The same relaxing of rules
applies to your vent. There are no official rules for how often you change the hoses (circuit) and filters
when you are at home. Hospitals may require daily or every other day changes. That is not needed for home
care and would be horrendously expensive. Try a two week change and unless you are very prone to pneumonia
or have a big problem with mold growing in the hoses, you can stretch it out to monthly. If you use a
humidifier on your vent, stick to frequent cleaning of that equipment as mold and fungus love
First, begin to separate the stuff you were taught about trach and feeding tube care from what really
needs to be done! What you were taught is hospital protocol and although it is necessary for a germy
hospital and post op care, it is not necessary or realistic for home care unless you have a constant parade
of different caregivers. Refer to Trach Care: The Rest of the Story for
more info on hospital care versus home care.
Make a list of supplies that will need to be reordered. Include the manufacturers name for it, product
number, how many per box or case, who to call to reorder, and phone number, space to enter date ordered and
number ordered, space for date received. This will help you keep track of how much stuff you use so after a
couple of months you will be able to order a two or three month supply all at once. You will see which
items take more time to be delivered, and hopefully won't end up with a two year supply of anything to
find space to store because you ordered 10 cases instead of 10 boxes!
It is helpful to use an O2 Saturation fingertip monitor while getting used to suctioning. It can help
you see what you can tolerate and learn what is normal for you. That is important because it is really
helpful in figuring out if you are in respiratory trouble if you don't feel right, seem drowsy or
confused, or have a cold or increased secretions. An oximeter doesn't have to be fancy or expensive.
Renting from the vent supplier is very over priced, adds to your copay, and over time adds up. Just buy
one. Before you buy one from a medical supply company, check online at pilots supply companies. They may be
considerably cheaper and will do the job just as well.
Beep Beep Beep
A ventilator will alarm if the volume of air being delivered drops below a set level, such as when the
hose is disconnected from the trach or vent, or excessive air is leaking around the trach. It will alarm
when the patient is getting congested and not enough air can be pushed in. If the battery is getting low,
it will alarm but continue to run until the vent's internal battery is depleted. In practical terms
that means beeping whenever you are suctioned, popped off the vent for a turn or transfer, or the power
source is changed. The alarm can be temporarily silenced by pressing a button, but over time you begin to
just let it beep for the couple of minutes it takes to suction or whatever. That “beep creep”
leaves your caregivers somewhat deaf to the sound!
The huge problem is that although that alarm sounds so loud to us, it isn't always loud enough to
alert a caregiver who is sleeping in another room, watching TV, showering, doing laundry, vacuuming, or
outside. Bottom line is that you need a second way to get their attention and that second way must have
good range and a beep or vibrate option. There is a big lack of this technology available.
If you have been using a baby monitor, the noise of a beeping vent will be transmitted loud and clear.
Unfortunately the whooshing of the vent will also be transmitted and that isn't appreciated by most
people on the listening end. Switching to a vent may require switching to a different call system.
The most commonly used beeper is a battery operated door bell. You push the button
to transmit and your caregiver has the ding dong part. There are two big limitations to the doorbell:
First, the button can be too hard to press even if you find a way to position it always in
A little creativity can add a popsicle stick to change the tiny button to a lever for hand
pressing rather than finger.
You can make a "switch adapted" call device from an inexpensive battery operated door bell.
"Switch adapted" means that instead of having to push the button on the door bell (which is
generally small and requires strength and dexterity), the door bell is wired to a large,
soft-press "switch" button. The switch unit/transmitter is placed where the PALS can push on it
and the caregiver has the receiver. Adapting a doorbell requires opening the transmitter case
and soldering the wires of the adaptive switch to the pins or circuit board inside. Here is a
video of the simple process: How to
adapt a doorbell
Or you can buy doorbell already wired for an adaptive switch here: call-chime
Another, even better option is to buy an inexpensive personal pager. This adds the options
of chime or vibration alerts. Vibration is helpful when you are vacuuming or in a noisy room,
or just as a change from the sound of the chime.
Either way you will need to buy the button (adaptive switch) separately. Enabling devices
has a large variety of switches in many sizes, positioning possibilities, and pressure
The second problem with a doorbell is lack of range. The transmission is too weak to be picked up
at any distance. If your caregiver walks out the door, you can't beep them. That is fine if your
caregiver is confined to the house, but if he or she is to be free to go out to mow or shovel or chat
with a neighbor, a doorbell isn't going to work.
Finding a workable call system is very important but never forget that it is limited. If the alarm
needs to be turned on but isn't, if the caregiver forgets to have it with them, or if the call button isn't
reach (forgotten or just shifted) the system is worthless. Unless you have a back up system, the caregiver
must be close enough to hear the vent alarm. For me that means that during the day when I am always at my
computer, I can beep my husband or call his cell phone using Skype. I don't have to be able to talk for him
to know I am the one calling and I need him. With a surge protector that provides a few minutes of back up
power, I can still call him if the power goes out. At night we are switching to a wireless doorbell that
can't be turned off or forgotten. So I feel safe during the day with two ways of summoning him or other
help. But when I am in bed the only safe backup to the beeper is for him to be able to hear the vent
Out and About
Now that you are home, it is time to leave! With the vent you should have more energy and less anxiety
so going places will be easier. Your trach will draw far fewer stares than your BiPAP headgear did -- and
you will be pink and healthy looking! For travel, you will need a travel bag for the suction machine. Mine
came in one and has room for suction kits and other stuff such as Kleenex , straws, etc. That is all you
really need for short jaunts, but I strongly recommend keeping a adapter cable in your vehicle that can
power the vent from the cigarette lighter/power outlet. Also keep a second ambu bag in the vehicle.
Don't ever count on remembering to bring the one you have in the house along! You won't! Whenever
we are going to be gone for a few hours, my husband insists on bringing everything but the kitchen sink. We
take my back up vent in a carry on size suitcase and always keep a towel for spills, sweater for air
conditioned rooms, and a second urinal in the van so there is no forgetting the essentials.